Category: United States Of America

  • Kauai: 100 Years in Postcards (Postcard History)

    By Stormy Cozad

    This selection of classic postcards of Kauai spans a hundred years, starting with Hawaii's annexation and Kauai's heritage as a vacationer vacation spot. Postcards carry again the historical past of Kauai from the earliest viewers, arriving first by way of crusing vessel after which steamers to the infancy of air go back and forth. The reader should be reminded of the honor years of the Kauai Surf, the Coco arms, and the Hanalei Plantation, displaying as many different favourite landmarks as attainable which were misplaced to time and mom Nature.
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  • The Social Order of the Underworld: How Prison Gangs Govern the American Penal System

    By David Skarbek

    While most folks examine felony gangs, they believe of chaotic bands of violent, racist thugs. Few humans contemplate gangs as refined firms (often with difficult written constitutions) that control the criminal black industry, adjudicate conflicts, and strategically stability the competing calls for of inmates, gang individuals, and correctional officials. but as David Skarbek argues, gangs shape to create order between outlaws, generating replacement governance associations to facilitate criminal activity. He makes use of economics to discover the key global of the convict tradition, inmate hierarchy, and criminal gang politics, and to provide an explanation for why legal gangs shape, how formal associations impact them, and why they've got a strong effect over crime even past legal partitions. The ramifications of his findings expand a long way past the possible irrational and infrequently tragic society of captives. additionally they remove darkness from how social and political order can emerge in stipulations the place the conventional associations of governance don't exist.
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  • Naval Innovation for the 21st Century: The Office of Naval Research Since the End of the Cold War

    By Robert Buderi

    The place of work of Naval examine, recognized generally as ONR, was once shaped in 1946 principally to help the pursuit of easy technology to assist make certain destiny U.S. naval dominance―and as such, it set the version for the as a consequence created nationwide technology beginning. yet every thing replaced after the chilly struggle. The U.S. entered a interval of larger economic constraints and the idea that of battle shifted from traditional land and sea battles and super-power conflicts to an period of uneven war, the place the rustic could be engaged in lots of smaller fights in unconventional arenas.

    Naval Innovation within the twenty first Century is a story account of ONR’s efforts to answer this modification amidst expanding strain to target courses at once appropriate to the army, yet with out sacrificing the “seed corn” of primary technological know-how the association helped pioneer. informed throughout the eyes of the admirals major ONR and the dept heads who oversee key courses, the publication follows the association because it responds to the autumn of the Soviet Union, the terrorist assault at the USS Cole in 2000, and next wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    These occasions are inspiring an array of strategies, for land and sea. reflect on unmanned undersea autos which could patrol strategic coastlines for months on finish, novel different types of touchdown craft which may trip as much as 2,500 nautical miles with no refueling, and precision shipborne “rail weapons” whose GPS-guided shells can hit pursuits from countless numbers of miles off. different efforts comprise complicated electronics designed to change out ratings of antennas on ships for 2 solid-state apertures, significantly expanding pace and stealth and velocity; digital education equipment that spare the surroundings via stay away from the necessity to fireplace hundreds reside shells, and new how one can shield Marines from improvised explosive units. some of these courses, a few pursued in traditional demeanour and a few arrange as “skunk works” designed to spur out-of-the-box considering, are a part of an ongoing evolution that seeks to attach medical funding extra on to the warfighter with no abandoning the Navy’s longer-term destiny.

    Naval Innovation within the twenty first Century is a story heritage, and a narrative of organizational switch, headquartered round the struggles of administration and key team of workers to conform to transferring priorities whereas preserving directly to their historical middle undertaking of helping longer-term examine. As such, it holds nice classes and insights for a way the U.S. govt should still fund and hold army R&D in a brand new period of “small ball” conflicts―and how the rustic needs to arrange for the way forward for warfare.

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  • West from Appomattox: The Reconstruction of America After the Civil War

    By Heather Cox Richardson

    Publish 12 months note: First released in 2007
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    The tale of Reconstruction isn't really easily concerning the rebuilding of the South after the Civil conflict. in its place, the past due 19th century outlined sleek the US, as Southerners, Northerners, and Westerners steadily hammered out a countrywide id that united 3 areas right into a kingdom which may turn into an international strength. eventually, the tale of Reconstruction is ready how a center classification shaped in the US and the way its contributors outlined what the kingdom may stand for, either at domestic and out of the country, for the following century and beyond.

    A sweeping historical past of the USA from the period of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt, this attractive booklet stretches the bounds of our knowing of Reconstruction. Historian Heather Cox Richardson ties the North and West into the post–Civil struggle tale that sometimes focuses narrowly at the South, encompassing the numerous humans and occasions of this profoundly very important era.

    By weaving jointly the reports of genuine individuals—from a plantation mistress, a local American warrior, and a hard work organizer to Andrew Carnegie, Julia Ward Howe, Booker T. Washington, and Sitting Bull—who lived through the a long time following the Civil battle and who left documents of their personal phrases, Richardson tells a narrative in regards to the production of contemporary America.
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  • Tom Paine's Iron Bridge: Building a United States

    The little-known tale of the architectural undertaking that lay on the center of Tom Paine’s political blueprint for the United States.

    In a letter to his spouse Abigail, John Adams judged the writer of Common Sense as having “a higher hand at flattening than building.” Adams’s dismissive comment has contributed to shaping the present view of Tom Paine ever for the reason that. yet, as Edward G. grey indicates during this clean, illuminating paintings, Paine was once a builder. He had a transparent imaginative and prescient of luck for his followed nation. It was once embodied in an architectural venture that he spent a decade making plans: an iron bridge to span the Schuylkill River at Philadelphia.

    When Paine arrived in Philadelphia from England in 1774, the town was once thriving as America’s biggest port. however the seasonal hazards of the rivers dividing the area have been turning into a drawback to the city’s persevered progress. Philadelphia wanted a realistic connection among the wealthy grain of Pennsylvania’s backcountry farms and its port at the Delaware. The iron bridge was once Paine’s solution.

    The bridge used to be a part of Paine’s resolution to the critical political problem of the recent kingdom: easy methods to maintain a republic as huge and as geographically fragmented because the usa. The iron building used to be Paine’s really good reaction to the age-old problem of bridge know-how: the way to construct a constitution robust sufficient to resist the consistent battering of water, ice, and wind.

    The convergence of political and technological layout in Paine’s plan used to be Enlightenment genius. And Paine drew different giants of the interval as consumers: Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and for a time his nice ideological opponent, Edmund Burke. Paine’s dream eventually used to be a casualty of the vicious political crosscurrents of revolution and the yank penchant for bridges of inexpensive, ample wooden. yet his cutting edge iron layout turned the version for bridge building in Britain because it led the area into the commercial revolution.

    eight pages of illustrations
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  • American Cars, 1960-1972: Every Model, Year by Year

    By J. Kelly Flory

    The car underwent nice swap within the Sixties and the early Nineteen Seventies. the continued pattern towards marketplace consolidation, the proliferation of sizes and nameplates, and the "need for velocity" characterised this era, loosely categorized because the muscle vehicle era.

    this is often an exhaustive reference paintings to American made automobiles of version years 1960-1972. geared up through 12 months (and summarizing the marketplace annually), it presents a every year replace on every one make's prestige and construction figures, then info all versions provided for that year.

    version listings comprise to be had physique kinds, base costs, engine and transmission offerings, strength rankings, general apparatus, significant techniques and their costs, lower weight and dimensions (interior and exterior), paint colour offerings, alterations from the former year's version, and revenues figures. additionally given are meeting plant destinations and historic overviews of every version nameplate.

    The ebook is profusely illustrated with 1,018 images.
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  • Frommer's Hawaii 2013

    By Jeanette Foster

    • Full colour throughout.
    • Free full-color, foldout map.
    • Completely up-to-date each year.
    • Each of our candid lodge stories relies on a close own inspection. you will discover lavish beachfront lodges, intimate rain-forest B&Bs, family-friendly condos, and masses, even more. Our eating stories are easily the simplest within the enterprise, even if you crave state-of-the-art Asian-fusion delicacies or a hearty, reasonable plate lunch.
    • Our writer makes yes that you will actually event the spirit of aloha, and she'll assist you stay away from whatever that is overpriced, touristy, or inauthentic. With Frommer's in hand, you will understand the place to discover secluded seashores, mystery spots for snorkeling, the easiest clothing stores to decide on for every little thing from diving to deep-sea fishing, and the place to discover the head galleries and shops.
    • Inside you will discover broad assurance of family-friendly lodgings and actions, the right way to get married within the islands, options for the simplest honeymoon lodges, and important recommendation on discovering the simplest airfares and package deal bargains. no matter if you must watch the fiery spectacle on the huge Island's volcano, play a difficult around of golfing, snorkel with sea turtles, or just chill with a mai tai to monitor the sundown, you could layout the fitting journey with Frommer's Hawaii.
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  • The New Financial Order: Risk in the 21st Century

    By Robert J. Shiller

    In his best-selling Irrational Exuberance, Robert Shiller suggested that society's obsession with the inventory industry used to be fueling the volatility that has considering made a curler coaster of the economy. much less famous was once Shiller's admonition that our infatuation with the inventory industry distracts us from harder fiscal customers. those lie within the hidden power of genuine resources, akin to source of revenue from our livelihoods and houses. yet those ''ordinary riches,'' so primary to our health, are more and more uncovered to the pervasive hazards of a quickly altering international economic system. This compelling and demanding new booklet provides a clean imaginative and prescient for hedging danger and securing our monetary future.

    Shiller describes six basic rules for utilizing sleek details expertise and complex monetary idea to mood uncomplicated dangers which were overlooked via chance administration institutions--risks to the worth of our jobs and our houses, to the energy of our groups, and to the very balance of nationwide economies. trained via a entire threat info database, this new monetary order would come with worldwide markets for buying and selling dangers and exploiting myriad new monetary possibilities, from inequality assurance to intergenerational social safety. simply as advancements in insuring hazards to lifestyles, wellbeing and fitness, and disaster have given us a top quality of existence incredible a century in the past, so Shiller's plan for securing the most important resources supplies to considerably increase our condition.

    Once back supplying a big provider, Shiller offers us a robust potential to transform our usual riches right into a point of financial protection, fairness, and development by no means ahead of visible. And once more, what Robert Shiller says could be learn and heeded by means of a person with a stake within the economy.

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  • The Long War: A New History of U.S. National Security Policy Since World War II

    By Andrew J. Bacevich

    Essays by way of a various and distinctive team of historians, political scientists, and sociologists learn the alarms, emergencies, controversies, and confusions that experience characterised America's chilly conflict, the post-Cold battle period of the Nineteen Nineties, and contemporary "Global warfare on Terror." This "Long conflict" has left its imprint on nearly each element of yankee existence; via contemplating it as an entire, The lengthy War is the 1st quantity to take a very accomplished examine America's reaction to the national-security quandary touched off by means of the occasions of worldwide conflict II.

    Contributors give some thought to subject matters starting from grand procedure and strategic bombing to ideology and economics and investigate the altering American approach of conflict and Hollywood's unusually constant depiction of american citizens at conflict. They overview the evolution of the national-security gear and the position of dissenters who considered the myriad actions of that gear with dismay. They take a clean examine the lengthy War's civic implications and its effect on civil-military family.

    More than an army heritage, The lengthy War examines the guidelines, guidelines, and associations that experience constructed because the usa claimed the position of world superpower. This protracted quandary has turn into a possible everlasting, if now not defining element of up to date American lifestyles. In breaking down the outdated and synthetic barriers that experience routinely divided the postwar interval into neat old devices, this quantity offers a greater knowing of the evolution of the U.S. and U.S. coverage due to the fact international battle II and provides a clean point of view on our present nationwide protection predicament.

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  • Bind Us Apart: How Enlightened Americans Invented Racial Segregation

    Why did the Founding Fathers fail to incorporate blacks and Indians of their loved proposition that “all males are created equal”? the standard solution is racism, however the fact is extra advanced and unsettling. In Bind Us Apart, historian Nicholas Guyatt argues that, from the Revolution in the course of the Civil struggle, such a lot white liberals believed within the harmony of all people. yet their philosophy faltered whilst it got here to the sensible paintings of forging a color-blind society. not able to persuade others—and themselves—that racial blending was once conceivable, white reformers started as an alternative to say that individuals of colour may well in basic terms thrive in separate republics: in local states within the American West or within the West African colony of Liberia.

    Herein lie the origins of “separate yet equal.” a long time sooner than Reconstruction, America’s liberal elite used to be not able to visualize how humans of colour may well turn into electorate of the U.S.. in the course of the 19th century, local american citizens have been driven farther and farther westward, whereas 4 million slaves freed after the Civil conflict came across themselves between a white inhabitants that had spent many years imagining that they might dwell someplace else.

    Essential examining for an individual disturbed by means of America’s ongoing failure to accomplish precise racial integration, Bind Us Apart exhibits conclusively that “separate yet equivalent” represented a long way greater than a southern backlash opposed to emancipation—it was once a founding precept of our nation.

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